Paper derives its name from the Latin word “papyrus”, used to describe the plant based panels used for writing on in Ancient Egypt and has been in existence in its present form, since the 1st Century AD.
Although paper can be manufactured from fibres such as cotton and hemp, the most popular source is wood pulp. It has been estimated that 35% of trees felled each year contribute to the production of paper, although the majority are taken from sustainable forests where trees are continually replaced. Environmental concerns have seen a huge increase in the use of recycled paper and cardboard in the production of paper. Approximately one ton of wood can be saved if it is replaced by one of recycled newsprint.
History of Paperboard
- 92 AD – Ts’ai Lun, a court official in Ancient China, was inspired by silk fibres to create a surface to write on. His experiments with wood pulp resulted in paper.
- 300 AD – The use of paper was widespread throughout China.
- 1400 – Paper began to appear in Europe.
- 1476 – William Caxton introduced the printing press to England increasing the demand for paper.
- 1690 – William Rittenhouse’s rag paper machine began production in Pennsylvania, USA.
- 1700 – Rene de Reaumur first recorded how wasps made nests of paper from wood pulp.
- 1799 – Louis Nicolas Robert and Saint-Leger Didot patent the design of a continuous rolling paper machine in France, but due to the Revolution, are forced to send their idea to England.
- 1801 – London stationer, Henry Fourdrinier and his brother, Sealey, invested £60,000 in Robert and Didot’s continuous paper machine, patenting the design in October.
- 1817 – Cardboard packaging was introduced in England and Germany, while Thomas Gilpin built the first cylinder paper machine in Delaware, USA.
- 1827 – The first Fourdrinier paper machine was introduced to America.
- 1856 – Corrugated paper was patented in England and used inside hats.
- 1839 – Reinforced paper display boxes were seen in a jeweller’s shop in Boston, USA.
- 1879 – Paper bag maker, Robert Gair of Brooklyn, USA, accidentally created the first paper carton when a ruler slipped and folded the corners.
- 1893 – Sherlock Holmes investigated in Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s “The Adventures Of The Cardboard Box”.
- 1896 – The National Biscuit Company sold crackers in the first folded paper cartons.
- 1908 – Confirmation that G.W. Maxwell’s paper milk containers had been on sale in Los Angeles and San Francisco for the last two years.
- 1911 – The first Kraft sulphite mill opened in Florida.
- 1915 – John van Wormer of Ohio, was the first to patent the paper gable-top bottle.
- 1935 – Use of the gable-top paper bottle became popular.
- 1970 – Widespread use of paper cartons in the food industry.
What Is Paper board Used For?
Board made from paper has limitless potential, being used daily for packaging a huge variety of goods including food and drinks. Paperboard is also used for stationery, books and creative crafts. As an environmentally friendly, sustainable product, it can be repeatedly used and recycled.
Is Paperboard And Cardboard The Same?
They are both made primarily from recycled paper and hot water. The mixture is then sieved to remove staples and debris then skimmed to remove ink. Occasionally, new wood pulp fibres are added, before being compressed between rollers, dried and wound onto large reels. Depending on the thickness of the layers, the board is either paper or card and can be laminated, lined and printed.